The AP European History Exam is 3 hours and 15 minutes long and includes a multiple-choice/short-answer section and a free-response section. Each section is divided into two parts.

Section I: Part A Multiple Choice | 55 Questions | 55 minutes | 40% of Exam Score

  • Questions appear in sets of 2 to 5.
  • You will analyze historical texts, interpretations, and evidence.
  • Primary and secondary sources, images, graphs, and maps are included.


Section I: Part B Short Answer | 3 Questions | 40 minutes | 20% of Exam Score

  • Analyze historians’ interpretations, historical sources, and propositions about history.
  • Questions provide opportunities for you to demonstrate what you know best.
  • Some questions include texts, images, graphs, or maps.
  • You’ll have a choice between two options for the final required short-answer question, each one focusing on a different time period.
    • Question 1 (required): 1600–2001
    • Question 2 (required): 1600–2001
    • Choose between Question 3, periods 1-2, and Question 4, periods 3-4


Section II: Part A Document Based | 1 Question | 60 minutes (includes a 15-minute reading period) | 25% of Exam Score

  • Assess written, quantitative, or visual materials as historical evidence.
  • Develop an argument supported by an analysis of historical evidence.
  • The document-based question will focus on topics from 1600-2001.


Section II: Part B Long Essay | 1 Question | 40 minutes | 15% of Exam Score

  • Explain and analyze significant issues in European history.
  • Develop an argument supported by an analysis of historical evidence.
  • You’ll select from one of three essay choices, each focusing on the same theme and skill but different time periods:
    • Option 1: period 1
    • Option 2: periods 2-3
    • Option 3: periods 3-4

Practice for the exam.

Links to More AP Pages