The exam is 3 hours long and has two sections — multiple-choice and free-response.

You can use a four-function, scientific, or graphing calculator throughout the exam, and you will be provided with tables of commonly used physics equations and formulas. See this course’s calculator policy and the list of approved graphing calculators.

Section I: Multiple Choice | 50 Questions | 1 hour and 30 minutes | 50% of Final Exam Score

  • Individual questions
  • Questions in sets
  • Multi-select questions (two options are correct)


Section II: Free-response | 4 Questions | 1 hour and 30 minutes | 50% of Final Exam Score

  • Experimental Design (1 question): pertains to designing and describing an investigation, analysis of lab data, and observations to identify patterns or explain phenomena
  • Quantitative/Qualitative Translation (1 question): requires you to express a justification or reasoning quantitatively (using numbers, equations, diagrams, etc.) and qualitatively (in words)
  • Short Answer (2 questions, one requiring a paragraph-length argument)


For the free-response section, partial solutions may receive partial credit, so show all your work. Correct answers without supporting work may not earn full credit.

In addition, pay careful attention to the words “describe,” “explain,” “justify,” “calculate,” “derive,” “what is,” “determine,” “sketch,” “plot,” “draw,” “label,” “design,” and “outline” in the prompts. These words have precise meanings, and you won’t receive full credit if you include irrelevant or extraneous material in your answers. You can find the definition of these words in the Course and Exam Description on page 149.

Links to More AP Pages